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Hectic schedules and the ensuing stress coupled with inappropriate lifestyle choices and unhealthy habits such as smoking are an open invitation for chronic ailments such as high blood pressure. Unfortunately, once high BP comes calling, there is no way to treat the condition; you can merely control it through regular medication and by using a sphygmomanometer for frequent checks. As a matter of fact, regular monitoring is one of the most effective ways to keep your blood pressure in control and lower the risk of the resultant cardio vascular and coronary ailments. So, here is a look at how using a sphygmomanometer can help.
What is a sphygmomanometer?
This device forms a part of the standard blood pressure monitoring assembly. The sphygmomanometer is attached with a tubing to a cuff that is placed on the arm, above the elbow, at the same level as the patient’s heart. The cuff is then inflated to increase the pressure on the arm and restrict the flow of blood through the arteries.
Once completely inflated, the pressure is then slowly released so that the blood flow returns to normal and the pressure can be measured as the blood is pumped through the body and when it goes back to the heart. The sphygmomanometer is the dial like or digital device that shows the reading of systolic and diastolic pressure. A stethoscope may also be added to the assembly so that the distinct sound of blood swooshing back into the arteries and veins can be heard.
The different types of sphygmomanometer
There are two types of sphygmomanometer, manual and automatic; although, these terms have more to do with the cuffs attached to the sphygmomanometer than the device itself. A manual sphygmomanometer is essentially a blood pressure monitoring device where the cuffs have to be inflated with the help of a rubber bulb. On the other hand, in the automatic sphygmomanometer the cuffs are battery powered and are inflated automatically.
However, the sphygmomanometer dial also comes in two form; the digital version where the BP readings can be seen on a digital screen and the dial like round meter which has needles pointing to numerals reflecting your blood pressure readings. The dial sphygmomanometer has to be calibrated once a year to ensure the accuracy of the readings
There is also a third type of sphygmomanometer, which is normally used by health care professionals due to its accuracy, the mercurial type manometer, which does not have to be recalibrated. The units used for the measurement of blood pressure in this device are millimeters of mercury (mmHg).
Checking the systolic and diastolic pressure using a sphygmomanometer
While seated comfortable, the cuff is smoothly applied to the upper arm; you need to ensure that you choose the correct cuff size as this can impact the reading. A smaller than required cuff will give you a higher reading and a larger cuff will give you a lower reading.
The cuff is inflated through the use of the rubber bulb or automatically if it is battery powered. This is done to cut off the flow of blood to the brachial artery that flows in the arm. Make sure that the hand is supported when checking blood pressure. Place the stethoscope at the elbow on top of the brachial artery. Now, release the pressure with the help of the metal screw/knob on the rubber bulb. You should hear a distinct pounding sound as the blood flow resumes to the area, note the reading on the dial. This is the systolic pressure.
The cuff is further deflated to reduce the pressure and when the sound can no longer be heard, note the reading again; this is the diastolic pressure.
Lester Allison is married to Joylene, an RN, with 15 years experience in the medical field as a CNA (5 years) and RN (10 years). Lester is the owner of http://www.ljstethoscope.com. Lester believes MDF instruments are quality, high performance medical tools for all medical professionals.
Should we really worry about a Blood Pressure Chart?
High blood pressure is a problem that has been affecting more and more people over the last few years. People are working out less and eating more processed and junk foods which, in addition to being hurtful to your body mass index, can also lead to high blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure (which is also called hypertension) there are things you can do to get it under control; we’ll explain some of them in this article. Whatever steps you take to control your levels, a blood pressure chart will over time help you determine whether your efforts are successful or not.
One proven way to reduce blood pressure is to lose weight. If you are overweight or are obese the risks of high blood pressure and heart disease are higher than they are for other people.
There are some diets that can help with this and some are better than others but you need to get exercise as well so that you can burn off the calories that you want to lose. When it comes to your diet, it’s important to focus on eating both healthier foods and limited quantities. By losing weight and becoming more active, you can often normalize your blood pressure, although if it’s extremely high you may also need medication to help regulate it.
Herbal medicine (like that which is found in China and India) is a good alternative for people who are interested in pursuing less mainstream ways of lowering their blood pressures. You can treat your high blood pressure with Indian ayurvedic medicine. Herbal medicines from China are also effective as can acupuncture.
Acupuncture can be very relaxing, despite the fact that needles are being used (they are very small), and it can reduce your blood pressure. If you’re thinking about making use of Chinese and/or Indian medicine then be sure to find a qualified doctor in your area who can help you. This type of treatment originated long ago and is very useful as a high blood pressure remedy.
If you have very high blood pressure, or your hypertension is the result of another medical condition, the effects will show in your Blood Pressure Chart. While in most cases you can lower blood pressure naturally, in cases where your blood pressure is at a dangerous level, it needs to be be treated promptly. Pregnancy is another reason to seek medical attention if your blood pressure gets too high or spikes quickly. Blood pressure meds can help you get your blood pressure level to lower which will allow you to focus on caring for your blood pressure naturally to make sure that it doesn’t go back up again.
It might be hard to get your blood pressure to lower but it is impossible if you don’t take healthy steps to do so. Keeping a Blood Pressure Chart is certainly one these ways. Most of the time it is little more than a matter of making good changes in important parts of your life like your diet, your exercise level and your stress level. The tips in this article can help you control the level of your blood pressure but only if you do them on a regular basis.