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Diastolic blood pressure is the lower reading that you get when you take somebody’s BP. It is usually measured in ranges, depending on the individual’s age, sex, position and sometimes health condition.
It is the rhythmic expansion of the chambers of the heart at each heartbeat, during which they fill with blood. Ideally, the Diastolic pressure for a young adult should be around 60 – 85 mmHg, with 90 mmHg considered as borderline.
The reading could get a little higher as the individual’s age increases. This means that the diastolic blood pressure of a man of 60 years and above should be higher than that of a 40 year old, though the variation should not be too much.
High diastolic blood pressure occurs when the reading goes above 90mmHg and remains sustained on repeated checks. When the reading for a man of 40 years goes up to 95 or 100 and above, we can say that the reading is high.
In other word, with the elevated BP we can say that the individual has diastolic hypertension. The difference between this and primary hypertension is that there is a noticeable change in the walls and inside of the arteries in diastolic hypertension.
When the reading is high, and with the changes in the walls of the vessels, the individual is at risk. With such a high reading, the individual could be at the risk of developing a stroke or he could suffer from heart attack. Everything has to be done to prevent a further rise; and also to reduce the already elevated pressure to an acceptable level.
The individual should see the doctor who would in turn prescribe drugs that would help lower the elevated blood pressure. The prescribed drug regimen must be strictly followed if one hopes to get a positive result.
Other ways to lower it also include using a planned programme of exercise and controlled diet to improve the heart and the condition of the blood vessels. Some of the drugs would help to dilate the vessels, while others help to relax the vessels and reduce the frequency of the heart beats.
Certain diets are withdrawn to reduce the rate with which fats are deposited on the walls of the arteries and veins. With the combined therapy, it is easier to lower the elevated blood pressure and the individual could lead a normal life again and without much stress.
Joseph Ezie Efoghor is a Christian author, marriage counsellor and registered Nurse with several years of practical experience. He has touched many lives through his style of writing. To get more of his articles, visit http://bloodpressureandmore.blogspot.com.
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3 High Blood Pressure Symptoms that are Important
The only way to find out if you have high blood pressure is to get it checked, even though there are a variety of symptoms that may present themselves. Nevertheless, there are certain factors that can make it more likely that you will develop high blood pressure, and sometimes there are symptoms you can recognize as well. Multiple symptoms are discussed in this article and should be discussed with your doctor if any of them exist in your life.
For those who suffer from frequent headaches, you may have been told that this comes from your hypertension, however many cases never experience headaches. People with extremely high blood pressure are likely to have headaches that are accompanied by blurred vision, but this is when the problem has reached a dangerous point and there is damage to the eyes. Headaches are not more common in those who have hypertension though. In fact, some recent studies suggest that people with high blood pressure may actually suffer from fewer headaches than normal! Your doctor can help you determine if your frequent headaches are due to high blood pressure, but don’t assume that no headaches means you are fine. Cases have been recorded where symptoms of hypertension included vomiting and nauseous. These symptoms can, of course, be caused by lots of other problems as well, so they must be checked by a doctor. Prompt medical attention is required for those with hypertension experiencing bouts of nausea and vomiting. Chances are slim that slightly above normal blood pressure will create these symptoms, but those levels of blood pressure are still serious. Only once your blood pressure reaches dangerously high levels will symptoms begin to show themselves usually.
One possible symptom of high blood pressure is if your ears are ringing (tinnitus). Tinnitus is caused by a lot of different conditions in addition to high blood pressure and it can come in lots of different forms. If you have a bad case of tinnitus or it never goes away, you need to have it checked out by your physician because, in addition to being a sign of high blood pressure, it could indicate something else entirely. For many people tinnitus is not an indicator of anything specific medically and there are a variety of treatments that can help with the symptoms and that is irritating. It is vital to make sure that your tinnitus is not caused by high blood pressure because this needs to be controlled as soon as you can. There are lots of symptoms of high blood pressure but most people don’t know they have it until it is discovered during an exam for something else. It’s possible to get your blood pressure checked in most pharmacies but if you want your reading to be accurate you’ll have to check it a few different times. If you have any of the symptoms of high blood pressure we’ve been looking at, or if you have any risk factors that make you a likely candidate for this problem, make sure you visit your doctor frequently to have your blood pressure checked.